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Citizenship – Obtaining Mexican Nationality through Naturalization by Residency

Mexican nationality can be obtained by various means such as marrying a Mexican, having children born in Mexico, etc., see list below. The most common way that we deal with is nationality and naturalization through residency. Once a resident has had an FM3 for 5 years, he/she can apply for an FM2, a higher level of residency or immigrant status. After having the FM2 for five years, the individual can then request the status of nationality.

See our handy citizenship study guide reference here

  • Residency
  • Direct descendant of a Mexican
  • Have children born in Mexico
  • Be of Latin American or Iberian descent
  • By performing services or noteworthy works of art in the areas of culture, science, social service, technical expertise, art, sports or business
  • Marrying a Mexican
  • Be born to or adopted by Mexican parents

Aside from the paperwork and procedures, a person seeking naturalization must pass a Spanish proficiency exam, a verbal and/or written test on Mexican culture, history and government and know the Mexican national anthem.

There are certain considerations, benefits and obligations upon obtaining citizenship:

  • New naturalized citizens must renounce other citizenships in the swearing in ceremony and on paper, other countries do not necessarily accept renunciation so the process seems more symbolic than factual, it is important to check with your own government about how that plays out
  • A naturalized Mexican citizen must represent and present him/herself as Mexican while in Mexican territory
  • With citizenship, a person cannot seek diplomatic assistance from any other government while on Mexican soil
  • A citizen must not reside for more than 5 years abroad
  • A Mexican citizen can own property in the restricted area
  • A citizen may work for any Mexican company without requiring a permit
  • A citizen may obtain credit, loans and financing in Mexico
  • A citizen may vote (voting privileges can be revoked if a person is convicted of a criminal activity)
  • There are numerous other benefits, not the least of which is a pride in holding citizenship in your new home country, such as not having to renew your FM documents yearly

Link to costs and times of citizenship procedure (as of 2010, $3,450 pesos, 3 months)

Link to the details about citizenship in English

Link to the citizenship application in Spanish

Link to an article about citizenship in Mexico

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